The purpose of this document is to infer and delineate a high-level framework of architectural principles and requirements. Inferences from a survey of network service providers, on network automation and autonomy based onAl/ML [Annex-Summary of survey],serve as a motivation. The objective is to provide guidance and direction for NGMN Partners and standards development organisations forthe articulation of interoperable capabilities, enablers, and services, associated with network automation and autonomous systems. It builds on the architectural concepts and emerging directions in the industry, with respect to the various aspects of autonomous systems for enabling end-to-end network automation, beyond the methods of simple automation, where human intervention is required for system and service configuration,and operation.
The journey from simple automation to anautonomous system rendered zero-touch automation is examined through a system-widelens. The objective is to advance the promise of a continuously emerging service paradigm,which is enabled through a service-based framework of virtualization,cognitive awareness,and flexible levels of distribution.These aspects facilitate the customization and optimization of operations and capital expenditures, to suit different deployment objectives and business models, while promoting a personalized and experiential service quality.